A New Theory

Any attempt to reformulate the Standard Model is met with serious resistance, so in order to overcome this, we need to have a good many things covered off before we can claim to have any kind of theory at all.

Serious attempts have names like String Theory and Supersymmetry and have been worked on by legions of physicists. But these theories have their problems too and we will not be using them as a starting point.

Instead we will see how far we can get with simple maths and logic.

We will start by reviewing where we can get to in a model universe where everthing attracts everything else due to gravity. We will call this Model A.

We will then extend it to include the concept of negative mass, which gives us both attractive and repulsive elements. We will call this Model AB.

At that point we will introduce the concept of 4 fundamental particles, as hinted-at by the Dirac equation. We find that we can simulate likes and opposites as per electromagnetism, even though we're still in a unified framework with just gravity. We will call this Model ABCD.

Finally, we will introduce the concept of 3 mass quanta as hinted-at by the Koide formula. We will call this Model Twelve.

We will focus on the sub-atomic particles:

  • Electrons
  • Muons
  • Pions
  • Kaons
  • Protons
  • Neutrons
  • Taus

as well as:

  • Photons
  • Neutrinos


  • Antimatter

under the somewhat-radical assumption that these may all be understood as composite particles, made from our 12 fundamental building blocks.

For each of the sub-atomic particles, we will account for the following properties:

In so doing, we will also account for a great many other things. In particular, we are assuming that the basic building blocks are conserved. Yes, there are processes in which they may combine to form different composite particles, but in our model universe they are never created or destroyed.

We will show how we can simulate things like Electron / Positron Annihilation, Pair Production and Spontaneous Emission of light by electrons. We will also provide explanations for some particle decay processes, such as "Muon Decay".

The remainder of this site is concerned with the details of this new theory. Some areas are analysed in some detail, others are quite sketchy. This is by necessity - there's only one of me and there's an awful lot of physics to cover if we're going to start ripping it apart...

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