Hot, Cold and Warm Ideas in Particle Physics
We have a bit of a puzzle to solve if we're to explain the masses of the heavier particles, in particular muons, pions and beyond. The trouble is that muons are the lightest known particles that are heavier than electrons and are a lot heavier (roughly 200x), weighing in at 105MeV. If we try to model a muon as a composite particle made of electrons and simply add up the constituent masses, we would need 200 or more of them just to make the weight.
Do we really believe that? If so, then why don't we observe a whole plethora of particles with masses in between?
From the work of Malcolm MacGregor, Paolo Palazzi and others, it would appear that there are some patterns to the known particle masses (and lifetimes although we won't go into that here). To cut a long story short, it's possible to come up with a rough mass quantisation based on units of 35MeV:
|Particle||Mass / MeV||Multiple of 35MeV|
The challenge is to come up with an explanation for why particles occur with these masses and not in between.< Previous Next >